Blasfemia împotriva Duhului Sfânt

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În Matei 12:31, Isus spune, “De aceea, vă spun: Orice păcat şi orice hulă vor fi iertate oamenilor; dar hula împotriva Duhului Sfânt nu le va fi iertată.” Acest păcat de hulă sau într-o altă traducere, de blasfemie împotriva Spiritului Sfânt este numit în mod obișnuit „păcatul de neiertat.” Evanghelistul Marcu citează de asemenea cuvintele lui Isus referitoare la acest subiect: „dar oricine va huli împotriva Duhului Sfânt, nu va căpăta iertare în veac: ci este vinovat de un păcat veşnic.” Articolul de față își propune să identifice care este acel păcat atât de teribil, din care omul nu mai poate fi salvat. Poate el să fie comis de către credincioși sau doar de către necredincioși? Sau poate fi comis de ambele caregorii de creștini? Putea fi comis doar în timpul lui Isus sau în timpul apostolilor? Mai poate fi comis acest păcat și astăzi? Dar ce se poate spune despre natura acestui păcat și cu ce este el diferit de celelalte păcate obișnuite?

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De la teocrație la sclavie..

Captive Israel

Aici se află câteva observații personale asupra compromisului făcut de poporul Israel. Unde a ajuns această națiune în cele din urmă??

1. Domnul l-a ales pe Israel. El dorea să fie conducătorul suprem al poporului (Judecători 8:23). Această formă de conducere se numește teocrație. El urma să vorbească/ conducă prin judecătorii și oficialii Săi.

2. Domnul nu vroia împărat peste Israel. Israel urma să fie un popor special (1Samuel 8:7). El știa care sunt pericolele acceptării unui împărat: a. mândria, b. luarea deciziilor de unul singur, c. omul este păcătos, d. divinizarea împăratului (precum cu Caligula, Nero, Domițian, sau Cezarii), e. Dumnezeu era înlocuit de împărat, f. să fim ca celelalte popoare.

3. Domnul a ales un împărat peste Israel prin Samuel (1Samuel 16)

4. Ei se alegeau unii pe alții împărați peste Israel, sau uneori poporul îi alegea. Glasul Domnului a fost adus la tăcere.

5. El se făcea împărat peste Israel sau Iuda. Exemplu este Ioahaz (2Împărați 23:3)

6. Alții, adică străinii, puneau împărați peste Israel. Un exemplu este Neco care-l pune împărat pe Eliachim (2Împărați 23:34). Deci păgânii au ajuns să conducă (într-un fel) poporul lui D-zeu.

7. În final nimeni nu a mai pus un împărat peste Israel.

8. Împărați străini îi duceau pe împărații Israelului în captivitate: asiriană, babiloniană.

9. Domnul trimite alți împărați să aibă stăpânire asupra lui Israel.

Trist! Acestea sunt urmările sigure ale compromisului, a negocierii cu D-zeu, și a dorinței de a fi ca lumea din jur.

CAFEAUA: DUȘMANUL CARE-ȚI ZÂMBEȘTE

 

–          Hipocrate – părintele medicinei a spus: ‟Alimentul tău să fie medicamentul tău, și medicamentul tău să fie alimentul tău.” – nu-i așa că astfel ar trebui să spunem și noi când mergem la magazin sau ne punem la masă?

–          Apostolul Pavel organizatorul Bisericii Creștine a spus: ‟Fie că beți, fie că mâncați, să faceți totul spre slava lui Dumnezeu. Cine poate să-l laude pe Dumnezeu cu sticla vin fermentat, sau cafea în mână?

–          Richard Schwarz – spune că: ‟întotdeauna a existat o legătură sau o afinitate între doctrinele reformei sănătății și principiile religioase ale mântuirii.”

–          John Harvey Kellogg (cel mai mare medic (adventist) al secolului 19-lea)– a promovat abstinența totală de la narcotice, tutun, cafea, alcool, și ciocolată.

–          Budha – a afirmat astfel ‟Fiecare persoană umană este autorul proriei lui sănătăti sau boli.”

–          Un medic modern afirmă: ‟Majoritatea oamenilor îşi cheltuiesc sănătatea câştigând bogăţie, iar apoi îşi cheltuiesc bogăţia ca să recâştige sănătatea.”

–          Biserica Adventistă de Ziua a Șaptea  s-a născut în perioada în care a avut loc cea mai mare reformă din istorie în ceea ce privește sănătatea. Cei mai mari reformatori din domeniul sănătăți contemporani cu Ellen G. White au fost: John Kellog, Sylvester Graham (pâinea graham); L. B. Coles, James Caleb Jackson, Russel Trall, Vicent Priessnitz (țăranul austriac care a descoperit pentru prima data în istorie că apa este un agent curativ, calmează dureri, reduce inflamațiile, etc), William Lloyd Garrison, Samuel Thomson, William Alcott etc…

Ce înseamnă cuvântul cafea? Read more

INTERNAL EVIDENCES WHICH SHOW THAT THE AUTHOR OF HEBREWS IS THE APOSTLE PAUL ??

At a first glance the Epistle to the Hebrews presents itself to the reader as a riddle, as an enigma or as an anonymous document. In this paper I will examine the internal evidences which gives us some clues about the real author of the Epistle to the Hebrews.

The author of Hebrews says very little about himself. Yet, the epistle holds myriad of evidences, and as they are fitted together into a whole, the picture of the author becomes clearer.

   1.   The author was a man

One passage from the Epistle of Hebrews discovers us the gender of the author: he was a man. Hebrew 11:32 – “For the time would fail me to tell of…” [ἐπιλείψει με γὰρ διηγούμενον ὁ χρόνος περὶ…]. We can see that the present middle participle [διηγούμενον] “recounting, telling” has a masculine, accusative, singular suffix (-ov) – thus we can say that the author of the Epistle to Hebrew is a man.

   2.   The author was approximately fifty years old

It seems that the author of the Epistle ot the Hebrews communicated with a great authority, and this suggests that he was an older man. It would have been too arrogand for a young man to warn, to reprove, to exhort, to command, and bless the people of his own church (Hebrews 13:22, 24). In addition, the Epistle to the Hebrews is included in the Canon of the New Testamet Scriptures and this is an acknowledgment of the authorʼs authority.

Another evidence is that all of the other New Testament authors (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, James, and Peter) were fifty or more years old in AD 64: – AD 64 in this case being the generally accepted year for the writing of the Epistle to the Hebrews. These two internal evidences suggest that the author should be at least fifty years old at the time of the writing of this letter.

   3.   The author was an intelligent man

Many theologians state that the author of Hebrews was an educated or an intelectual man.[1] His Jewish education Read more

ISSUES IN THE GREAT CONTROVERSY THEME

     Today I have finished my reading about the history of the most divisive book that was ever written in Seventh-day Adventist Church: Questions on Doctrine. While I was getting closer to its end I was very surprised by a final article in the book written by Herbert E. Douglas. I want to share this short article with you. I hope you will be amazed also as you read the following lines:

    The great controversy that the Bible describes is far different than Hollywood’s portrayal of a galactic clash of heavenly warriors with their shining swords. The great controversy is over the question of who can best govern the universe and who presents the best principles by which created intelligences can find hope, health, happiness, and heavenly assurance, while living on a planet still to be sanitized from all the evil for which Satan is responsible. To say it another way, the great controversy is not a spectator sport. It does not give anyone the luxury of sitting in the bleachers. You and I are actors on the stage of the universe. How we play our part will determine not only our eternal futures but also help significantly in vindicating the integrity of God’s order in the universe.

     Stephen Hawking, that remarkable Cambridge University mathematician and cosmologist, in his 1988 book A Brief History of Time, wrote that were scientists to discover the long-sought „theory of everything” to explain the varying mechanisms of the universe, „we would truly know the mind of God.”

     Seventh-day Adventists have been given just that – the „theory of everything; that truly introduces us to the „mind of God.” We didn’t discover it – it was given to us. We call it the Great Controversy Theme, the unified field of clarity as to what is going on in this wonderful universe. Here we summarize the overall scope of the Great Controversy Theme (GCT):

     „The central theme of the Bible Read more

THE IDENTITY OF MELCHIZEDEK FROM HEBREWS 7:1-10 IN THE LIGHT OF GENESIS 14:18-20 WITH A SHORT HISTORY OF INTERPRETATION

   1. Introduction and statement of the problem

   The figure of Melchizedek[1] appears only three times in the Judeo-Christian Scriptures: in Genesis 14:18-20, in Psalm 110:4, and in Hebrews 7:1-3. His figure presented in these three places in the Bible “gave rise to a considerable unorthodox speculation as a result of the enigmatic account of Genesis 14.”[2] There are many contributions made by many theologians on this subject, but there is a little consensus among them in regard to the significance and function of Melchizedek in these narratives, especially in the Epistle to Hebrews chapter 7.

   1.1. Purpose for the study

   There are different categories of interpretations regarding the identity and function of Melchizedek in Hebrew 7. Firstly, this study aims to trace a short history of interpretation of the figure and function of Melchizedek. And secondly we will try to understand the identity and function of Melchizedek in Hebrews 7 from a Genesis narrative perspective.

         1.2. Delimitations of the study

    This research is limited to an examination of two Biblical narratives: Hebrews 7:1-10 and Genesis 14:18-20 along with a short history of interpretation of these two passages. Read more

EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL EVIDENCES WHICH SUPPORT THE DOMITIANIC DATE OF REVELATION

From its beginning, the Apocalypse, more than any other New Testament book enjoyed recognition, acknowledgement and a wide distribution.[1] The book received great attention from scholars and laymen. Numerous commentaries on the Apocalypse were written in the early church and throughout the Middle Ages. Theologians and scholars from various parts of Europe wrote commentaries on the Apocalypse. Louis A. Brighton makes a list with the names of all the most important scholars who wrote about Revelation, and in this list appear the names of: Hippolytus of Rome, Melito of Sardis (around 165 A.D.), Oecumenius, Primasius, Victorinus, Arethas, Andreas, Tyconius, Venerable Bede, Alcuin, and Anselm of Laon.[2]

The Apocalypse still receives attention, and it has received attention especially in the last sixty years which has caused resurgence in interest in the book of Revelation. Today there is a revival in interest in Revelation among theologians, historians, and biblical scholars, and this thing could be seen in the release of so many commentaries on Revelation.[3]

1.1. Purpose of the study

Due to the fact that in twenty first century there are so many questions and two main options regarding the date of the composition of the book of Revelation, this phenomenon make necessary an investigation of historical evidences regarding the historical date of the composition of Revelation.[4]

Commentators of Revelation propose two main dates for its composition: a Neronic date[5] (64-68 A.D.) and a Domitianic date (95-96 A.D.).[6] During the twentieth century, most scholars Read more